ماهي أقسام الأكسبورت (export )

الكاتب : prince1973 | المشاهدات : 1,323 | الردود : 4 | ‏9 مايو 2009
  1. prince1973

    prince1973 بـترولـي جـديـد

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    السلام عليكم
    ودي أعرف أقسام قطاع الأكسبورت ووظائفها
    ولكم جزيل الشكر
     
  2. Salteya

    Salteya بـترولـي جـديـد

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    Export & Marine Operations (HR WE01)
    1. Marine Operations (WE11)
    2.Marine Services (WE21)
    3. Export Operations (WE31)
    4. Export Maintenance (WE41)
    5. HES (WE51)
     
  3. Salteya

    Salteya بـترولـي جـديـد

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  4. Salteya

    Salteya بـترولـي جـديـد

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    وسقط سهواً WE61
    Export Technical Services :)
     
  5. Export_Doc's

    Export_Doc's بـترولـي خـاص أعضاء الشرف

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    Marine & Export Facilities Overview

    Crude Export Flow Scheme

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    Mixing & Distribution Manifolds



    The manifolds are used for the collection, mixing and uniform distribution of the oil.

    The Central Mixing Manifold (CMM) enables blending of the crude required to meet the specifications of Kuwait Export Crude (KEC) and KNPC refinery feed requirement.

    KEC is a medium quality crude with API 31.5

    Tank Farms - "North & South
    Crude oil is stored at these Tank Farms prior to export. The "Total Storage Capacity" is based on all tanks in commission on KEC service.

    Crude oil export requirements are governed by Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC), which effectively sets the target production rates for KOC on a continuous market demand basis.

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    The Crude Oil Control Center

    The crude oil movement, storage, measurement and loading operations are monitored and controlled from the Crude Oil Control Centre (COCC) located in Ahmadi. . It can also be controlled from the following local control rooms:

    Central Mixing Manifold (CMM)

    North Tank Farm (NTF) Control

    South Tank Farm (STF) Control

    KNPC Manifold


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    Loading Terminals

    Crude Oil is exported through offshore floating facilities. This activity includes crude measurement and documentation.

    Crude oil from North Tank Farm and South Tank Farm is exported through North & South Piers and SPM terminals (including CALM Buoys).

    The South Pier is located at 1.28 Km away from the shoreline at Mina Al-Ahmadi. This Pier is mainly utilized for loading the products from the Refineries. The South Pier is also equipped with six loading berths, one of which (Berth No. 4) is allocated for crude oil loading to small and medium sized vessels in the range of 25,000 to 80,000 DWT. The Pier has the maximum loading capacity of 2,600 MT per hour.

    The North Pier is located at 1.45 Km away from the shoreline and 3.5 nautical miles north of South Pier. This Pier has four loading berths dedicated for crude oil export and product loading from the Refineries. Small to medium sized vessels in the range of 25,000 to 160,000 DWT can be loaded from these berths. Also, large vessels up to 300,000 DWT can be partially loaded from Berths 11 and 12.

    A new state-of-the-art pier was commissioned on 23.2.2005. The pier can accommodate oil tankers of up to 350,000 MT and natural gas/methanol tankers of up to 60,000 MT. It has satellite-connected berth monitoring systems to ensure accurate and safe anchorage.

    With loading capacity of 9,000 MT per hour, the new pier has six platforms with 36 loading arms that can accommodate 4 tankers at the same time

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    Crude Metering Systems



    Crude Oil custody transfer for Export and supply to Refineries are measured dynamically by Metering Facilities located at Mina Al-Ahmadi.

    These dynamic metering systems are provided to enhance the accurate measurements of crude oil and prevent losses due to measurement variances/errors

    Meters Operating Principle

    Positive Displacement (PD) Meters operate basically as follows: measure liquid throughput (volume) by: dividing the flowing liquid stream into discrete equal volumes and counting them as they are discharged from the meter.

    Turbine Meter infers volumetric flow rate by measuring the dynamic property of the flow stream, ie. when crude passes through the meter it causes the meter rotor to rotate at a rate proportional to the flow. The rotor moves through a magnetic field produced by a magnet. A magnet pick-up coil, fixed on the meter housing, produces an output pulse each time the rotor or rotor blade passes through the field. A pre-amplifier boosts the pulses and transmits them to the Flow/Supervisory Computer where the pulses are counted and calculated based on the meter factor and 'K' factor to give the flow rate reading

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